- Training Reference Notes

Health and nutrition education and training for Quest stockists and consumers.

Produced by the Nutrition Department, Quest Vitamins Limited,
Birmingham, B7 4AP, Tel: 0121 359 0056, Fax 0121 359 0313, e-mail:
Quest Vitamins Ltd. 2001 - No reproduction of material without permission from Quest Vitamins Ltd.



An abnormal wakefulness or inability to sleep, insomnia may result from illness or physical discomfort, or it may be activated through the use of stimulants such as coffee, black tea and drugs. Often, though, some psychological factor, such as worry or tension, is the cause.

Mild insomnia may often be relieved by a soothing activity like reading, having a bath or listening to soft music. Chronic or severe insomnia requires treatment of the underlying physical or psychological disorder. Sedatives and sleep-inducing drugs may be employed, but they should be taken under medical supervision.


Hops (2)
Valerian (3,4)


Magnesium (1)
B Complex


Very restless, tangles in the sheets
May wake with panic or Anxiety.

Overtiredness leads to sleeplessness.
Bed feels too hard.

Hot, jerking limbs, as dropping off to sleep.

Nux vom.
Indigestion and overactivity lead to sleeplessness.
Wake with hungover feeling.

Wakes in early hours and worries over finances etc.

Gets overheated in bed and has to stick limbs out of covers.


1. Shaw D. Management of Fatigue: a physiologic approach. Amer J Med Sci 1962; 243: 758-69.
2. Blumenthal M, Busse WR, Goldberg A, et al. (eds). The Complete German Commission E Monographs: Therapeutic Guide to Herbal Medicines. Austin: American Botanical Council and Boston: Integrative Medicine Communications, 1998, 147, 160-61.
3. Vorbach EU, et al. Therapie von Insomnien. Wirksamkeit und Vertraglichkeit eines Baldrianpraparats. Psychopharmakotherapie 3: 109-115, 1996. As cited in Schulz V, et al. Rational phytotherapy. New York: Springer-Verlag, 1998.
4. Kamm-Khol AV, et al. Moderne Baldriantherapie gegen nervose Storungen im Senium. Med Welt 35: 1450-1454, 1985. As cited in ESCOP monographs. Fascicule 4: Valerianae radix (Valerian root). Exeter, UK: European Society Cooperative on Phytotherapy, 1997.